Performed the experiments: AF RG. Three hundred participants were randomly sampled from among community dwelling adults older than 64 years living in Natal, the capital of the province Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The BSRI has been used, for example, in Zimbabwe [ 20 ], Japan, and China [ 21 ] with good validity and reliability when a few items were removed to improve cultural fit.
We also found different factor loadings than in previous studies using the BSRI [ 16 ]. Among the findings are 1 satisfactory internal consistency of the BSRI, 2 more complex structure of masculinity and femininity than originally reported, and 3 doubtful ability of the BSRI to differentiate gender role orientation.
BSRI, also has demonstrated high test-retest reliability.
Thank you for your feedback. Specifically, the short form removed some feminine traits that could be seen as less socially desirable such as "gullible" and "childlike". Maltby, A. Although the BSRI generally is accepted as the standard by which other sex-typed personality instruments are evaluated, the test has been criticized on technical and theoretical grounds.
Fernandez and Coello [ 16 ] used the BSRI more recently, with students ranging in age from 12 to 15 years. Zubieta Madrid: Pearson , — One indicates never or almost never true, while a seven would indicate always or almost always true.