Among members of this study, we documented high exposure to 1 socioeconomic deprivation, 2 occupational hazards i. Implicit bias among physicians and its prediction of thrombolysis decisions for black and white patients. Then as now 12the experimental studies were conceptualized as having both strengths and limitations.
Theories for social epidemiology in the 21st century: an ecosocial perspective. Health and Place.
Table 3 shows that the self-reported racial distribution of PRISM study participants differed significantly from the weighted and unweighted E-Tech—estimated racial distribution for the sample frame. Cultures also vary in their mistrust of and attitudes toward strangers [ 74 ]. Future studies should attempt to replicate this finding with larger samples.
Psychol Men Masculinity. All rights reserved. Blanchard J, Lurie N. Betancourt6 M. The literature suggests that race and ethnicity effects occur in surveys of Black, White and Hispanic respondents; thus, it is likely that interviewer race and ethnicity influence survey data from other racial and ethnic groups.
It is possible that older and more educated individuals might feel more comfortable expressing their perception of discrimination in the healthcare setting.
With declining survey response rates in the United States 29it is critical that we understand whether survey research is underrepresenting some population groups. Interviewer effects in public health surveys R. Am J Public Health. The method in which interviewers estimated race of women with whom they spoke was highly accurate.
These data suggest that a multiplicity of structural related factors e. Krieger N. Annelies G. Such models define interviewers as a separate level of data apart from respondent data and account for the nesting of respondent data within interviewers.
Studying human behavior: how scientists investigate aggression and sexuality. J Negro Educ. Williams DR, Collins C. Name required. Sign in with your library card Please enter your library card number.