The U. Although research on the negative effects of policies like registration and community notification is in its relative infancy, there is reason to suspect that these policies may actually increase risk factors for future crime in the adolescents subjected to them e. Law and Human Behavior, 31 153— Child Development, 74 6— Journal of Criminal Justice, 42 2— Positive outcomes experienced by adolescents who committed sexual offenses in the current study may not be as readily attainable for youth subject to stricter policies.
The early development of brain regions that increase reward sensitivity limbic system combined with the relatively later development of brain regions and neural pathways essential to the down-regulation of such emotional responses and engagement in planful, goal-oriented behavior prefrontal cortex contribute to the peak in risky behavior seen in adolescence Casey et al.
Ethical Approval All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Piquero, A. PCL:YV scores and emotion regulation skills were significant for both with no difference in effects.
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Raised on the registry: The irreparable harm of placing children on sex offender registries in the US. Andrews and Bonta used meta-analytic techniques to identify what they termed the Central Eight: the eight risk and need factors that are most strongly associated with offending by both adolescents and adults.
Mitman, 15 years ago when he was 22 or 23, had an illegal encounter with a teenager, an encounter that may well have been statutory — meaning consensual but illegal due to the age of the younger person. For example, early onset of offending is associated with a variety of negative outcomes including continued offending e.
It is also rare for research in this area to focus on positive outcomes; the current study adds to this limited body of literature by examining engagement in school and work as well as the presence of positive relationships.
In contrast to the assumptions underlying specialized policies and practices, adolescents who have committed sexual offenses do not appear to present a unique risk to the community. Additionally, interventions with the most empirical support for effectiveness with adolescents who have committed sexual offenses are drawn from empirically supported treatments for general delinquents e.
The current study, along with a variety of previous research, suggest that it is time to focus on the adolescent, rather than the sex offense, when planning research, treatment, and policy for adolescents who have committed sexual offenses.